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Types Of Hair Fall And Available treatments


Hair Loss: A Common Concern


Hair loss is a common problem that affects millions of people around the world. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, stress, illness, and medications. While hair loss can be distressing, there are many things you can do to manage it.

What are the different types of hair loss?

There are three main types of hair loss:

  • Androgenic alopecia: This is the most common type of hair loss, affecting both men and women. It is caused by genetics and typically occurs in a predictable pattern. In men, it is known as male pattern baldness, and it causes a receding hairline and bald spots on the crown of the head. In women, it is known as female pattern hair loss, and it causes thinning hair on the scalp.


  • Alopecia areata: This is an autoimmune disease that causes hair loss in patches. It can affect any part of the body, including the scalp, eyebrows, and eyelashes.

  • Telogen effluvium: This is a temporary type of hair loss that can be caused by stress, illness, or medications. It usually causes hair to fall out all over the head.

What are the signs and symptoms of hair loss?

The most common sign of hair loss is thinning hair on the scalp. This can be seen as a receding hairline, bald spots, or a general thinning of the hair. Other signs of hair loss include:

  • Excessive hair shedding
  • Hair that is dry and brittle
  • Hair that is slow to grow
  • Patches of baldness

What are the causes of hair loss?

Hair loss can be caused by a variety of factors, including:

  • Genetics: The most common cause of hair loss is genetics. If you have a family history of hair loss, you are more likely to experience it yourself.
  • Stress: Stress can cause hair loss in some people. When you are stressed, your body releases hormones that can damage hair follicles.
  • Illness: Certain illnesses, such as thyroid disease and lupus, can cause hair loss.
  • Medications: Some medications, such as chemotherapy drugs, can cause hair loss.
  • Nutritional deficiencies: A deficiency in certain nutrients, such as iron or protein, can cause hair loss.

How is hair loss diagnosed?

If you are concerned about hair loss, you should see a doctor to get a diagnosis. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history and family history, and they may also perform a physical exam. In some cases, they may order blood tests or a scalp biopsy to rule out other causes of hair loss.

How is hair loss treated?

There are a number of treatments available for hair loss, depending on the cause. Treatment options include:

  • Medications: There are two main medications used to treat hair loss: minoxidil (Rogaine) and finasteride (Propecia). Minoxidil is a topical solution that helps to slow hair loss and promote hair growth. Finasteride is a pill that is used to treat male pattern hair loss.

  • Laser hair therapy: Laser hair therapy is a non-invasive treatment that uses low-level lasers to stimulate hair growth.

  • Hair transplantation: Hair transplantation is a surgical procedure that involves moving hair follicles from one part of the body to another.

What can I do to prevent hair loss?

There are a number of things you can do to help prevent hair loss, including:

  • Maintain a healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet that is rich in nutrients can help to keep your hair healthy and prevent hair loss.
  • Manage stress: Stress can contribute to hair loss, so finding healthy ways to manage stress can be helpful.
  • Avoid harsh hair treatments: Harsh hair treatments, such as tight hairstyles and heat styling, can damage hair follicles and lead to hair loss.
  • See a doctor if you have concerns: If you are concerned about hair loss, see a doctor to rule out any underlying medical conditions.

Remember, hair loss is a common problem that can be managed with a variety of treatments. If you are concerned about hair loss, talk to your doctor.

Additional resources

  • American Academy of Dermatology: Hair Loss: https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/hair-loss

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